© - Steven A. Cerra, copyright protected; all rights reserved.
It never ceased to amaze me then - and it continues to amaze me now - how many people, who know very little, if nothing, about Jazz are familiar with the vocal group - Lambert Hendricks Ross.
Either they or their college roommate had one of LHR’s albums, or their parents had all of the albums or they just memorized some of the vocalese lyrics that Jon Hendricks wrote for the group so that they could sound hip and cool to their friends.
The latter skill is particularly remarkable when you consider that Jon wrote these hip lyrics to accompany the actual Jazz solos that were played on certain classic Jazz recordings and did not base them on the melodies of these songs.
In essence, people who couldn’t put two notes together were able to sing some of the hippest Jazz solos ever recorded thanks to their admiration for Jon’s skills with vocalese, which considering the level of humor, wit and sage philosophy that he brought to the form, he practically re-invented.
The group was only together for a few years and recorded relatively few albums, but when you consider the vocal talent on display and the brilliant lyrics which were applied to some of the most memorable solos ever recorded, there is nothing else like LHR in the history of Jazz.
And while I was familiar with
Dave Lambert and Annie Ross as individual
vocalists I knew virtually nothing about Jon Hendricks or how LHR came into
existence, that is, until the September 1959 edition of Down beat magazine
arrived in my mailbox and I found this article by Gene Lees.
It features Jon’s history of the LHR using the too-hip-for-the-room style that he employs in his rhyming vocalese lyrics.
Lees, copyright protected; all rights reserved.
“EDITORS NOTE – In the wee small hours of a morning at
this year , I told Jon Hendricks
would like to do a story on the LHR group. "Why not let me write
it?" Jon said. I hedged and hesitated for a moment (perhaps Jon will
remember it) and then began running some of his remarkable LHR lyrics over in
my mind. "OK," I said. Newport
We kicked the idea around a bit, notably backstage at
's Regal Theater, and I learned that Jon
was thinking of doing the article in rhyme, no less. I shook my head a bit,
reassured myself that his tremendous taste and talent would not fail, even in
the unfamiliar task of writing an article, swallowed hard and said:
Jon telephoned from time to time as he worked on the article. I began to get nervous. Deadline was approaching, and I had already scheduled the cover photo to go with the article. "You have to promise me you won't change a thing," Jon said. That made me more nervous.
When the piece at last arrived—right on deadline—I scanned it, still nervously at first, then less nervously, and finally, jubilantly. It was—and is—one of the strangest articles I've ever read. As promised, it rhymed. Not unexpectedly, it sounded like an LHR lyric without the music. It also had in places the delightful flavor of an Ogden Nash poem. And finally, I guessed that some astute reader would look at its last line and think of James Joyce's Finnegan's Wake.
Jon didn't say this in the article, but he has done a lot of thinking about the possibilities of true jazz opera. The article tends to validate his theory that it can—and should—be done.
Lambert, Hendricks and Ross is one of the most remarkable groups in jazz today. With their vocals on famous instrumental numbers, they have broken up audiences at every jazz festival they have played this summer—and they have played most of them, with more yet to come, including
. Where their jazz-vocals experiment will
lead is something no one, including Jon, pretends to be able to predict with
certainty. All that anyone knows for sure is that their popularity is huge and
growing, that they deserve it and that the end is not in sight. Monterey
In the meantime, here is Jon Hendricks' story on LHR. As
Dave Lambert said to me, explaining why when he
worked on construction he liked to use jackhammers, "I dug it." I
hope you will, too. —Ed.”
© - Jon Hendricks, copyright protected; all rights reserved.
“As to dates, times, names and places,
My accuracy ain't apt to be too outstanding. Data's too demanding. I haven't the faintest idea on what date
Dave Lambert's birthday occurs, and experience
with women and the subject of age gives me better sense than to ask Annie Ross
hers, so, on biographical data I won't be too factual. However, on matters of
the heart and soul I hope to be very actual, 'cause if you're gonna know how Dave Lambert, Annie Ross and I have such a
collective ball while singing our individual parts, you'll have to know that it
comes from what we fondly recall, and what is in our hearts.
Some people say our name is a clumsy name for a singing group to be stuck with. They compare it to Merrill, Lynch, Pierce, Fenner and Smith, an overstatement, by far. Actually we call ourselves Lambert, Hendricks and Ross for no other reason than that's who we are! And so that your understanding of our name will gain even more clearance, if you dig what I mean, our name describes the order of our appearance on the scene.
Finally I got
Dave's subtle message (as subtle as a ton of
coal on the head) and stopped listening casually and got t' writing lyrics
instead. I soon had words to "Down for the Count" and "Blues
Backstage" and Dave adapted Frank Foster's arrangements for voices, then we started
making choices of recording company A&R men. (Means "artist and
repertory" and they're to blame if the recording output sounds a bit
gory. Their judgment of a “hit” often depends on how much a new tune sounds
like the last “hit.” They often are unable to see any future in a tune because
of a single-minded preoccupation with a past hit!)
Creed Taylor of ABC-Paramount is a rarity among his kind. He has his own taste and uses his own mind. I’m happy to state.
During the time we were working on Sing A Song of Basie for Creed, I lived and wrote in Greenwich Village, which I had always thought of in an artistic way, but which I found retaining only an artistic façade, masking pseudo-intellectual morbidness ‘midst moral decay. It may be a good place to stay up late in, but its new, thrill-seeking Freud-spouting population has rendered it no longer a desirable place to create in. (Don’t blame DownBeat, this is my personal contention—just a little something I thought I'd mention.)
For our first date,
Dave contracted 12 experienced singers he had
known and used before as the Dave Lambert Singers, some of whom worked on such programs as The Perry Como Show and Your Hit Parade, and who had reputations
something fierce. We also had the Basie rhythm section, Freddy Greene, Sonny
Payne and Eddie Jones, with Nat Pierce.
It was during this first date that the spiritual quality that is in all jazz, and prominently so in Basie, made itself manifest; that spiritual quality we—and Ray Charles—got in church, and got so West Coast cool we left in the lurch and got back to for 30 pieces of Horace Silver, after a long, cold search.
Those singers had music and lyrics, but that spiritual quality was missing at the very first test, even though they tried their best. Eddie Jones saw and heard and laid his fiddle gently down and walked amongst them and talked to them and spread the word, and Sonny Payne and Nat Pierce did, too. Freddie sat placidly by and regarded it all with an ever-patient eye and didn't move to get his message through, just sat calm, like he usually do. What Eddie Jones told those singers about "layin' back, but not slowin' down" was beautifully true, but when all the gentle urging was done there was no concealing that those well-trained singers still couldn't sing Basie with that spiritual feeling— except one—a silent, beautiful red-haired girl
Dave had introduced me to several days before
at Bob Bach's house in Washington Mews, a name I remembered from then-current
theatrical news as starring in an imported-from-London Broadway review called
Cranks. But I remembered more; five years or so earlier than then—a Prestige
record given me by Teacho Wiltshire, who recorded "Four Brothers"
vocally first, a record of a vocal version of Wardell Gray's
"Twisted," excellent lyric by Annie Ross—better than good—boss!
Yes, Annie Ross has that feeling, that feeling you can't learn in no school, that feeling that the men in the old Basie band had from birth and got together in nightclubs and tent shows. And don't get the idea schools, to them, are unknown, 'cause those men started a few schools of their own! Pick a tenor player at random and, no matter what he says, chances are, at one time or another he studied under Pres. And make no bones about it—Jo Jones invented the sock cymbal, and don't ever doubt about it.
Philly Joe know.
And every trumpet player ever plays through a "bucket" mute oughta know that Buck Clayton's real nickname ain't Buck—it's "Bucket!" (Ain't that cute.)
At any rate, the first Sing a Song of Basie was scrapped and, thanks to Creed Taylor, we got another chance—but what to do?
Dave Lambert knew. Dave has a talent for putting very large
possibilities into a very few words. "Annie feels it," he said.
"Let's you, me 'n Annie do it." Coming from anyone else I'd have
thought such an idea was for the birds, because of the hard work entailed, but
I soon saw the beauty of Dave's suggestion, especially if we all three really wailed.
From the time we started out, Annie knew what she was about. She did everything with ease and a naturalness found only in great artists, I guess. Annie Ross is more than just a singer, to say the least. She is an artiste. Every night, on "Avenue C," she stands up there between
Dave and me and hits that last note, F above
high C, as though it were any note—and it might as well be! I remember when Dave asked her if she could make that note and
she said, "No, never," so Dave said he'd change it, winked at me and left
it like it was, and Annie sings it like she's been singing it forever.
So we did Sing a Song of Basie alone,
Dave, Annie, the Basie rhythm section with Nat Pierce, and me, and the
rest is known. When people would congratulate us on our artistic success, it
got to be an unfunny joke, cause Dave and I stayed broke. Annie was straight.
She was singing on the Patrice Munsel
Show, which is like a permanent record date. Then, one day at Dave's house, I saw the strangest sight I've
ever seen: Sing a Song of Basie showed up in DownBeat as number
thirteen! So Dave and I decided to see if we could get some
gigs—just local. We envisioned nothing on a grand scale for an act so unusually
vocal. Annie was in Europe then, sendin' messages that everything
was dandy, so 'til Annie got back we worked with Flo Handy, wife of George
Handy and singer of great skill, and the Great South Bay Jazz Festival put us
on last year's bill.
Later, the MJQ's manager, Monte Kay, set us up an audition with Willard Alexander one day. Willard got so excited he made us wonder what we had! We weren't all that sure it was good, but when you knock somebody out like Willard Alexander, you know it ain't all bad. Annie came back from
Europe and joined Dave and me, and Willard signed us immediately.
As to how Basie feels about us, that'll be easy to understand, 'cause he invited us to do an album with his band, yet! (Sing Along with Basie, on Roulette.) Our current album, to be specific, is The Swingers on Dick Bock's World Pacific, with Zoot Sims, Russ Freeman and Basie's steady three men, Eddie Jones, Sonny Payne and Freddie Greene, the finest rhythm section anybody's ever seen.
We've just been honored by being asked to sign with Columbia Records, under the aegis of Mr. Irving Townsend. "Moanin'," by the pianist with Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers, Bobby Timmons, and "Cloudburst," a Sam-the-Man Taylor saxophone solo, are about ready for single release, and there's an album of Ellingtonia in the works, so who knows where it will cease?
My brother, Jim Hendricks, manages to manage us—an unmanageable task, and as for how we feel about what's happened to us—need you ask? How far Lambert, Hendricks and Ross will go is something I don't pretend to know, but, since I write a lot of the words we sing, I can tell you what message I'll bring: that opera houses dedicated to European musical culture are not the American norm. Jazz is
's cultural art form. To say that our
opera houses are the America , the Chicago and the Metropolitan just doesn't follow.
America's real opera houses—as one day, pray, the American people may
realize—are the Howard Theater in Washington, D.C., the Regal Theater in
Chicago and Harlem's Apollo. And our divas are not singers of the kind of music
San Francisco Europe has, but Billie, and Ella, and Sarah, and
they sing jazz!
We are honored anew every time a jazz musician compliments us, because we know they know what it's all about, but to have three great jazz musicians accompany us is something about which to shout. We have the Ike Isaacs Trio—Gildo Mahones, piano; Kahlil Madi, drums; and Ike on bass—and we hope to take them with us every place.
As for me—I'm the ninth child and the seventh son of Rev. and Mrs. A.B. Hendricks. I have eleven brothers and three sisters, all reared in the African Episcopal Church around
. All other data can be found in my bio. My
musical education consisted of singing Negro spirituals and hymns with my
mother in church, singing in bars and grills for whatever people threw me,
which, praise be, was never out, singing in nightclubs at thirteen (they used
to bill me as "The Sepia Bobby Breen!"), accompanied for one magical
spell by a local pianist whose family were our neighbors, whom we knew well—Art
Tatum, who started on the violin, but sat down to the piano and never got up
again. I was fortunate enough to have learned to listen to him early and I'm
glad I paid heed, 'cause I never did learn how to read. Toledo, Ohio
When Bird came through Toledo one night with Max, Tommy Potter (now with "Sweets"), Kenny Dorham and Al Haig to play a dance, I got a long-awaited, unexpected chance to scat a few choruses, after which, while Kenny Dorham blew, I started to split, but Bird motioned me to Kenny's chair next to him and said, with that warm smile, "Sit awhile." I ended up scatting the whole set, and before they left, Bird said, "Look me up when you get to
. Don't forget." New York
It was two years later when I got to
. Bird was playing at the Apollo Bar uptown, and I got up
there fast as anyone can. And when I walked past the bandstand, Bird waved at
me and spoke my name and thrilled me to kingdom come when he said, "Wanna'
sing some?" and two years passed away as though it had been only one day!
Roy Haynes was playing drums and I was a drummer (who had just put his drums in
pawn), but when I heard New York with Bird I said to myself, "That's it for my
drumming. Them days is gone!" Roy
I knew nothing about the New York scene except what I'd seen or heard, so I decided to judge everybody by "who stood up with Bird," or, if they didn't ever share the same bandstand, how did they stand with the man.
Dave Lambert did "Old Folks" and
"In the Still of the Night" with Bird, vocal arrangements by Dave, musical arrangements by Gil Evans, among
the more beautiful things I've ever heard. Annie Ross sang with Bird a few
times. The fact I'm trying not to keep it hid is that, at one time or another,
all three of us did. It's a coincidence with a spiritual quality I can't name,
but Dave Lambert, Annie Ross and I came together
naturally, just at the time when jazz began to receive wide public acclaim.
As a writer of words, this gives me a great responsibility, especially to American youth: Tell the truth! Interpret the compositions and jazz composers, writing today, not three hundred years passed away. And the composers are numerous, most everybody playing, and all I have to do is tell the people what they’re saying.”
If your not familiar with Lambert Hendricks Ross, you’ll find the music on the following video tribute to them to be a real treat. If you already a fan, then you may enjoy reacquainting yourself with some old friends. The music of LHR is one of Jazz’s great gifts to the world.